On This Date In 1756 The Battle of Fort Oswego was fought, a series of early French victories in the North American theater of the Seven Years’ War won in spite of New France’s military vulnerability. During the week of August 10, 1756, a force of regulars and Canadian militia under General Montcalm captured and occupied the British fortifications at Fort Oswego, located at the site of present-day Oswego, New York.
On This Date In 1776 News reached London that the Americans had drafted the Declaration of Independence. Until the Declaration of Independence formally transformed the 13 British colonies into states, both Americans and the British saw the conflict centered in Massachusetts as a local uprising within the British empire.
On This Date In 1788 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. 41 in C major, nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony. It was the last symphony that he composed, and is the last of a set of three that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788.
On This Date In 1821 Missouri entered the Union as the twenty-fourth state. Named after the Native American people who originally inhabited the land, Missouri was acquired by the U.S. as part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. At that time, the territory's occupants were mainly French settlers. After the War of 1812, American settlers poured into the region. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/aug10.html
On This Date In 1835 P. T. Barnum began his career as a showman with his purchase and exhibition of a blind and almost completely paralyzed slave woman, Joice Heth, claimed by Barnum to have been the nurse of George Washington, and to be over 160.
On This Date In 1846 After a decade of debate about how best to spend a bequest left to America from an obscure English scientist, President James K. Polk signed the Smithsonian Institution Act into law.
On This Date In 1861 The Battle of Wilson's Creek was fought, the first major battle of the Western Theater of the American Civil War. The battle took place near Springfield, Missouri between Union forces and the Missouri State Guard, and is sometimes called the “Bull Run of the West.” Though the Confederate force won the field, they were unable to pursue the retreating Union forces to Rolla. Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon died here, the first Union general killed in combat.
On This Date In 1874 Future President Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was born in West Branch, Iowa. After being tragically orphaned at the age of nine, Hoover lived with his uncle, attended Quaker schools and then graduated from Stanford University with a degree in engineering.
On This Date In 1877 Amanda McFarland, a dedicated Presbyterian missionary, becomes the first white woman to settle at Fort Wrangell, Alaska. She would later be renowned as “Alaska's Courageous Missionary.”
On This Date In 1887 The 1887 Great Chatsworth train wreck took place, a major rail accident 3 miles (5 km) east of the town of Chatsworth, Illinois, in the United States. A Toledo, Peoria and Western Railroad (TP&W) train bound for Niagara Falls from Peoria crossed over a trestle, weakened earlier in the day by a fire, causing it to collapse. Between 81 and 85 people were killed, and between 169 and 372 injured.
On This Date In 1898 The Battle of Silva Heights was a battle of the Spanish-American War, fought during United States General Theodore Schwan's drive up the west coast of Puerto Rico. A considerable force of Spanish regulars and auxiliaries, struck Schwan's brigade hoping to turn it back. Initially, the attack was successful, pinning the 5th cavalry in place and preventing the 19th infantry from reinforcing American positions. The Spanish lacked artillery support, however, and could not answer Schwan's Gatling guns and large-caliber cannons. As Schwan's brigade pressed forward, surging along the ridge's flank, Spanish numerical inferiority began to tell. Out-gunned, Colonel Julio Soto Villanueva ceded the heights to the American forces and withdrew his men east to Lares.
On This Date In 1903 The disastrous Paris Métro train fire occurred on what was then Line 2 Nord (2 North) of the system and is now Line 2. There were 84 deaths, most at Couronnes station, so it is also known as the Couronnes disaster.
On This Date In 1904 The Battle of the Yellow Sea was fought, a major naval engagement of the Russo-Japanese War. The battle foiled an attempt by the Russian fleet at Port Arthur to break out and form up with counterparts from Vladivostok, forcing them to return to port. Four days later, the Battle off Ulsan similarly ended the Vladivostok group's sortie, forcing both fleets to remain at anchor.
On This Date In 1914 During the outbreak of World War I, and after eluding their British pursuers - not once but several times - in a dramatic chase through the Mediterranean Sea, the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau, both under the command of Wilhelm Souchon, safely anchor off the Dardanelles - the waterway connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara and the only passage from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea - and were subsequently escorted by the Turks to safety in Constantinople. The Goeben and Breslau were repaired, renamed and taken into the Turkish navy. On October 29, 1914, they took part in the attack by the Turkish fleet - commanded by Souchon - on Russia’s ports in the Black Sea, marking the Ottoman Empire’s official entrance into the First World War.
On This Date In 1914 “The Face on the Bar Room Floor,” a short film written and directed by Charles Chaplin, was released by Keystone Studios. Chaplin also stars in this film, loosely based on the poem of the same name by Hugh Antoine d'Arcy.
On This Date In 1920 The Treaty of Sèvres, the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I, was signed. The Treaty of Versailles was signed with Germany before this treaty to annul the German concessions including the economic rights and enterprises. The Treaty of Sèvres was annulled in the course of the Turkish War of Independence and the parties signed and ratified the superseding Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
On This Date In 1937 The electric guitar, in particular, the Rickenbacker Frying Pan - the instrument that revolutionized jazz, blues and country music and made the later rise of rock and roll possible - was recognized by the United States Patent Office with the award of Patent #2,089.171 to G.D. Beauchamp.
On This Date In 1945 During World War II, and just a day after the bombing of Nagasaki, Japan submitted its acquiescence to the Potsdam Conference terms of unconditional surrender, as President Harry S. Truman ordered a halt to atomic bombing.
On This Date In 1949 President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Bill, which established the Department of Defense. As the Cold War heated up, the DoD became the cornerstone of America's military effort to contain the expansion of communism.
On This Date In 1955 Declaring that South Vietnam was “the only legal state,” Ngo Dinh Diem, Premier of the State of Vietnam, announced that he would not enter into negotiations with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on elections as long as the Communist government remains in power in Hanoi.
On This Date In 1966 During the Vietnam War, U.S. Troops of the First Battalion, Fifth Marines fought a bitter battle against NVA forces in Quang Tin province, 60 miles west of Tam Ky. In Thailand, a U.S.-built air base was opened in Sattahib. Ultimately, there would be five major airbases and over 49,000 U.S. military personnel in Thailand. The bases would be turned over to the Thais and the U.S. troops withdrawn in 1973.
On This Date In 1970 “Weasels Ripped My Flesh,” an album by Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention, was released on the Bizarre/Reprise label. It is the second posthumous Mothers album released after the band disbanded in 1969, preceded by Burnt Weeny Sandwich. In contrast to its predecessor, which predominately focused on studio recordings of tightly arranged compositions, Weasels Ripped My Flesh largely consists of live recordings, and is song-oriented.
On This Date In 1977 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz was arrested and charged with being the “Son of Sam,” the serial killer who terrorized New York City for more than a year, killing six young people and wounding seven others with a .44-caliber revolver.
On This Date In 1978 Three teenage girls die after their 1973 Ford Pinto is rammed from behind by a van and bursts into flames on an Indiana highway. The fatal crash was one of a series of Pinto accidents that caused a national scandal during the 1970s.
On This Date In 1981 The severed head of six-year-old Adam Walsh, who disappeared from a shopping mall two weeks earlier, was found by two fishermen in a canal in Vera Beach, Florida. Two years later, career criminal Ottis Ellwood Toole, then an inmate at a Raiford, Florida, prison, confessed to Adam’s abduction and murder. In the wake of Adam Walsh's kidnapping and murder, Congress passed the Missing Children's Act, giving the FBI greater authority to track the disappearance of children. John Walsh, Adam's father, became a national spokesman against crime. He went on to host America's Most Wanted, a television show that profiles fugitives whose capture is sought by the FBI. Since it debuted in 1988, nearly 1,000 criminals have been caught as a result of viewer tips.
On This Date In 1981 Pete Rose of the Philadelphia Phillies batted the 3,631st hit of his baseball career, breaking Stan Musial's record for most hits by a National Leaguer. The record-breaking hit came in a game against the St. Louis Cardinals, the team with whom Musial had spent his entire career, and the former hits king was on hand to congratulate Rose.
On This Date In 1984 “The Red Hot Chili Peppers,” the debut studio album by American funk rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers, was released on EMI America Records. The album was produced by Gang of Four guitarist Andy Gill, and is the only album to feature guitarist Jack Sherman.
On This Date In 1984 “Red Dawn,” an American war film directed by John Milius and co-written by Milius and Kevin Reynolds, was released by MGM/UA Entertainment Co. It stars Patrick Swayze, C. Thomas Howell, Lea Thompson, Charlie Sheen and Jennifer Grey. It was the first film to be released with the MPAA rating of PG-13.
On This Date In 1990 NASA's Magellan spacecraft, also referred to as the Venus Radar Mapper, arrived at Venus where it began mapping the planet's cloud-covered surface using Synthetic Aperture Radar, and measuring the planetary gravity.
On This Date In 1995 The 1995 PGA Championship was the 77th PGA Championship, held from August 10–13 at Riviera Country Club in Los Angeles, California. Steve Elkington shot a final round 64 (–7) and won his only major championship in a sudden-death playoff. Elkington sank a 20-foot (6 m) birdie putt on the first playoff h*** (par 4, 18th) to defeat Colin Montgomerie.
On This Date In 2001 “Osmosis Jones,” a live-action/animated comedy film directed by Tom Sito and Piet Kroon for the animated segments and the Farrelly brothers for the live-action ones, was released by Warner Bros. Pictures.
On This Date In 2008 Isaac Lee Hayes, Jr. (August 20, 1942 – August 10, 2008), American songwriter, musician, singer, actor, and voice actor, died from a devastating recurrence of stroke.
Happy Birthday Rhonda Fleming (1923), Martha Hyer (1924), Tom Laughlin (1931), Rocky Colavito (1933), Ronnie Spector (1943), Kathy Westmoreland (1945), Walt Harris (1946), Ian Anderson (1947), Patti Austin (1950), Daniel Hugh Kelly (1952), Don Swayze (1958), Rosanna Arquette (1959), Andrew Sullivan (1963), Claudia Christian (1965), and Angie Harmon (1972).
RIP Henri Nestle (1814 – 1890), Tod Sloan (1874 – 1933), Sam Warner (1887 – 1927), Jack Haley (1898 – 1979), Norma Shearer (1902 – 1983), Leo Fender (1909 – 1991), Jimmy Dean (1928 – 2010), and Bobby Hatfield (1940 – 2003).
Plenty of people miss their share of happiness, not because they never found it, but because they didn't stop to enjoy it. William Feather
The best years of your life are the ones in which you decide your problems are your own. You do not blame them on your mother, the ecology, or the president. You realize that you control your own destiny. Albert Ellis
The best remedy for those who are afraid, lonely or unhappy is to go outside, somewhere where they can be quiet, alone with the heavens, nature and God. Because only then does one feel that all is as it should be and that God wishes to see people happy, amidst the simple beauty of nature. Anne Frank
Nature teaches more than she preaches. There are no sermons in stones. It is easier to get a spark out of a stone than a moral. John Burroughs
I thank you God for this most amazing day, for the leaping greenly spirits of trees, and for the blue dream of sky and for everything which is natural, which is infinite, which is yes. E.E. Cummings
This is a screen capture of the 6 minutes before and after the NASA MSL Curiosity rover landed on Mars. … Alongside the NASA TV stream, I'm running the Eyes on the Solar System computer simulation (http://eyes.jpl.nasa.gov/) which was using live telemetry data from the spacecraft to show what was happening in near real-time. …
The Perseid meteor shower is underway. There's more to see than meteors, however, when the shower peaks on August 11th through 13th. The brightest planets in the solar system are lining up in the middle of the display.
True happiness is to understand our duties toward God and man; to enjoy the present, without anxious dependence on the future; not to amuse ourselves with either hopes or fears, but to rest satisfied with what we have, which is abundantly sufficient Seneca
Don't rely on someone else for your happiness and self worth. Only you can be responsible for that. If you can't love and respect yourself - no one else will be able to make that happen. Accept who you are - completely; the good and the bad - and make changes as YOU see fit - not because you think someone else wants you to be different. Stacey Charter