On This Date In 1787 The U.S. Congress enacted the Northwest Ordinance, structuring settlement of the Northwest Territory and creating a policy for the addition of new states to the nation. The members of Congress knew that if their new confederation were to survive intact, it had to resolve the states' competing claims to western territory.
On This Date In 1793 Jean Paul Marat, one of the most outspoken leaders of the French Revolution, was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, a Royalist sympathizer.
On This Date In 1861 The Battle of Corrick's Ford took place on the Cheat River in western Virginia (now the state of West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. This end of a series of battles between the forces of Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan and Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett - the first general officer killed in the Civil War - resulted in a Union victory.
On This Date In 1862 The First Battle of Murfreesboro was fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee, as part of the American Civil War. The major Confederate objective was to strike Murfreesboro, an important Union supply center on the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, in which they succeeded.
On This Date In 1865 Barnum's American Museum, owned by famous showman P.T. Barnum and his partner and original owner, John Scudder, burned to the ground in one of the most spectacular fires New York has ever seen. Animals at the museum were seen jumping from the burning building, only to be shot by police officers.
On This Date In 1866 Construction of Fort Phil Kearny began, the most important army outpost guarding the Bozeman Trail, an overland route connecting the gold rush territory of Montana to the Oregon Trail. Companies A, C, E and H of the 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry, under the direction of the regimental commander and Mountain District commander Col. Henry B. Carrington, would carry out the building of the fort.
On This Date In 1930 France defeated Mexico 4-1 and the United States defeated Belgium 3-0 in the first-ever World Cup football matches, played simultaneously in host city Montevideo, Uruguay. Celebrating the centenary of its first constitution, host and pre-tournament favorite Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 on July 30 in front of a crowd of 93,000 people, and became the first nation to win the World Cup.
On This Date In 1942 Anne Frank - one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust - and her family, while in hiding from the Nazis, were joined by the van Pels family: Hermann, Auguste, and 16-year-old Peter.
On This Date In 1944 Through August 29, 1944, The Lvov-Sandomierz Strategic Offensive Operation was fought, a major Soviet Red Army operation to force the German troops from Ukraine and Eastern Poland. In just under one month of fighting, the Red Army achieved their objectives.
On This Date In 1951 Rivers across eastern Kansas crested well above flood stage, causing the greatest destruction from flooding in the midwestern United States to that time. Five-hundred-thousand people were left homeless and 24 people died in the disaster.
On This Date In 1954 Frida Kahlo de Rivera (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954; born Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón), a Mexican painter perhaps best known for her self-portraits, died of a pulmonary embolism, although some suspected that she died from an overdose that may or may not have been accidental.
On This Date In 1955 Nightclub owner Ruth Ellis was convicted of murdering boyfriend David Blakely. Ellis was later executed by hanging and became the last woman in Great Britain to be put to death.
On This Date In 1960 In Los Angeles, California, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts was nominated for the presidency by the Democratic Party Convention, defeating Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas. The next day, Johnson was named Kennedy's running mate by a unanimous vote of the convention.
On This Date In 1968 During the Vietnam War, Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, a Republican presidential candidate, revealed a four-stage peace plan that, he argued, could end the war in six months if North Vietnam assented to it. The proposal called for a mutual troop pullback and interposition of a neutral peacekeeping force, followed by the withdrawal of all North Vietnamese and most Allied units from South Vietnam; free elections under international supervision; and direct negotiations between North and South Vietnam on reunification.
On This Date In 1968 The first outbreak of the Hong Kong flu was recorded. This was a category 2 flu pandemic whose outbreak in 1968 and 1969 killed an estimated one million people worldwide. It was caused by an H3N2 strain of the influenza A virus, descended from H2N2 through antigenic shift, a genetic process in which genes from multiple subtypes reassorted to form a new virus.
On This Date In 1973 “History of the Grateful Dead, Volume One (Bear's Choice),” the ninth album and the fourth live album by the Grateful Dead, was released on Warner Bros. Records. It offers concert highlights from the band's performances of February 13 and 14, 1970 at the Fillmore East in New York City, and peaked at #60 on the Billboard 200.
On This Date In 1985 While President Ronald Reagan was undergoing surgery to remove a benign polyp in his large intestine, doctors discover a second polyp and performed a biopsy to determine whether or not it is cancerous. Reagan's second polyp did indeed turn out to be cancerous. The following week, doctors removed two feet of the president's intestine in addition to the diseased polyp. After the surgery, Reagan reportedly quipped, “well, I'm glad that's all out” and said that he planned to live a long time.
On This Date In 1985 The dual-venue concert Live Aid was held. The event was organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for relief of the ongoing Ethiopian famine. Billed as the “global jukebox”, the event was held simultaneously at Wembley Stadium in London, England, United Kingdom (attended by 72,000 people) and John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (attended by about 100,000 people). On the same day, concerts inspired by the initiative happened in other countries, such as Australia and Germany. It was one of the largest-scale satellite link-ups and television broadcasts of all time: an estimated global audience of 1.9 billion, across 150 nations, watched the live broadcast.
On This Date In 1990 “Ghost,” an American romantic fantasy film starring Patrick Swayze, Demi Moore and Whoopi Goldberg, was released. It was written by Bruce Joel Rubin and directed by Jerry Zucker. The film was a financial success (grossing $505,702,588 on a budget of $21,000,000.), and was nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Score and Best Film Editing. It won the awards for Best Supporting Actress for Goldberg and Best Original Screenplay. Goldberg was particularly praised: she also won the BAFTA, Golden Globe, and Saturn Awards in addition to the Oscar.
On This Date In 2009 Giannoulias' family-owned Broadway Bank filed foreclosure suits involving two convicted Chicago bookmakers, rekindling a controversy as the bank's former chief loan officer, state Treasurer Alexi Giannoulias, geared up to run for the U.S. Senate, which he would later lose to current junior Senator Mark Kirk. http://www.chicagobusiness.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=9999100032169
On This Date In 2010 George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930 – July 13, 2010), American businessman and principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball's New York Yankees, died after suffering a heart attack in his Tampa home, the day of the 81st All-Star Game. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/14/sports/baseball/14steinbrenner.ht...
On This Date In 2010 Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signed legislation banning public money to pay for a portrait of former Governor Rod Blagojevich. Quinn signed the bill along with a measure that requires elected officials convicted of public corruption to forfeit money derived from the corrupt activity. http://www.news-gazette.com/news/politics-and-government/2010-07-13...
On This Date In 2010 “Korn III: Remember Who You Are,” the ninth studio album by American rock band Korn, was released. The album recorded performances of the four-piece band, without the use of Pro Tools or editing, and received generally positive reviews from critics.
Happy Birthday Patrick Stewart (1940), Paul Prudhomme (1940), Robert Forster (1941), Harrison Ford (1942), Roger McGuinn (1942), Erno Rubik (1944), Cheech Marin (1946), Tony Kornheiser (1948), Didi Conn (1951), Rob Bishop (1951), Louise Mandrell (1954), Michael Spinks (1956), Robert Gant (1968), Deborah Cox (1974), Al Santos (1976), and Guillermo Ochoa (1985)
RIP John Clare (1793 – 1864), Stanislao Cannizzaro (1826 – 1910), Kenneth Clark (1903 – 1983), Dave Garroway (1913 – 1982), Bob Crane (1928 – 1978), Dennis Crosby (1934 – 1991), and Phillip Crosby (1934 – 2004)
A wise man is superior to any insults which can be put upon him, and the best reply to unseemly behavior is patience and moderation. Moliere
By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest. Confucius
Character is higher than intellect. A great soul will be strong to live as well as think. Ralph Waldo Emerson
There are no great limits to growth because there are no limits of human intelligence, imagination, and wonder. Ronald Reagan
Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude. Thomas Jefferson
Following his remarks at the at the 2012 Treasure Our Troops Gala, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff GEN Martin Dempsey sings "God Bless America" with Rachel and Kelsi Okun, founders of ThanksUSA a charitable organization which awards scholarships to spouses and children of those serving in the military.
When I woke up this morning lying in bed, I was asking myself, 'What are some of the secrets of success in life?' I found the answer right there, in my very room. The fan said...Be Cool. The Roof said...Aim High. The window said...See the World. The Clock said... Every minute is precious. The Mirror said... Reflect before you act. The Calender... Be up-to-date. The door said... Push hard for your goals.