On This Date In 1611 After spending a winter trapped by ice in present-day Hudson Bay, the starving crew of the Discovery mutinied against its captain, English navigator Henry Hudson, and set him, his teenage son, and seven supporters adrift in a small, open boat. Hudson and the eight others were never seen again.
On This Date In 1774 The Quebec Act of 1774 was passed by the Parliament of Great Britain. Referred to as one of the Intolerable Acts leading to the American Revolution, the act annexed the region of the Northwest Territories to the province of Quebec, suppressed religious and political freedoms, and was designed as punishment for the Boston Tea Party and other protests.
On This Date In 1775 The Continental Congress issued $2 million in bills of credit. The bills, known at the time as “Continentals,” notably lacked the then de rigueur rendering of the British king. Instead, some of the notes featured likenesses of Revolutionary soldiers and the inscription “The United Colonies.” Whatever their novelty, the Continentals proved to be a poor economic instrument: backed by nothing more than the promise of “future tax revenues” and prone to rampant inflation, and ultimately had little fiscal value. The Continental failed and left the young nation saddled with a hefty war debt.
On This Date In 1864 During the American Civil War, the Battle of Kolb's Farm was fought between Union forces under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker and Confederate forces under Lt. Gen. John B. Hood. Hood attempted an attack on the Union force, but poor terrain conditions led to its failure.
On This Date In 1864 During the American Civil War, Union forces attempted to capture a railroad that had been supplying Petersburg, Virginia, from the south, and extend their lines to the Appomattox River. The Confederates thwarted the attempt, and the two sides settled into trenches for a nine-month siege.
On This Date In 1893 HMS Victoria, the lead ship in her class of two battleships of the Royal Navy, collided with HMS Camperdown near Tripoli, Lebanon during maneuvers and quickly sank, taking 358 crew with her, including the commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon. Of the 357 survivors was second-in-command, John Jellicoe, later commander-in-chief of the British Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland.
On This Date In 1912 Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt asked his supporters to leave the floor of the Republican National Convention in Chicago. Republican progressives reconvened in Chicago's Orchestra Hall and endorsed the formation of a national progressive party. When formally launched later that summer, the new Progressive Party chose Roosevelt as its presidential nominee. Questioned by reporters, Roosevelt said he felt as strong as a “bull moose.” Thenceforth known as the “Bull Moose Party,” the Progressives promised to increase federal regulation and protect the welfare of ordinary people. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun22.html
On This Date In 1918 The Hammond circus train wreck occurred, one of the worst train wrecks in U.S. history. Eighty-six people died and another 127 were injured when a locomotive engineer fell asleep and ran his train into the rear of another near Hammond, Indiana.
On This Date In 1937 In Chicago's Comiskey Park, Joe Louis won the world heavyweight boxing title when he defeated American Jim Braddock in an eighth-round knockout. Louis was the first African American heavyweight champ since Jack Johnson, who lost the title in 1915. During his subsequent reign, the longest in the history of the heavyweight division, Louis successfully defended his title 25 times, scoring 21 knockouts.
On This Date In 1940 During World War II, German forces forced the surrender of France, while successfully conquering the Luxembourg, Netherlands and Belgium in the prior month. These victories persuaded Benito Mussolini of Italy to join the war on Adolph Hitler's side on June 10, 1940.
On This Date In 1941 Operation Barbarossa, the code name for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War, began. The largest invasion in the history of warfare, it was fought through December 5, 1941, and ultimately resulted in 95% of all German Army casualties from 1941 to 1944 and 65% of all Allied military casualties accumulated throughout the war.
On This Date In 1941 During the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa, and fought from June 22 - July 3, 1941, the Battle of Białystok–Minsk achieved its goal: the encirclement of the Soviet Red Army forces by the German invaders around Minsk.
On This Date In 1944 Codenamed Operation Bagration, the Soviet 1944 Belorussian Strategic Offensive Operation during World War II, was fought from June 22 - August 14, 1944, which cleared German forces from the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic and eastern Poland. The Soviet victory resulted in the almost complete destruction of the German Army Group Centre and three of its component armies.
On This Date In 1944 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill, an unprecedented act of legislation designed to compensate returning members of the armed services - known as G.I.s - for their efforts in World War II.
On This Date In 1945 During World War II, the U.S. 10th Army overcame the last major pockets of Japanese resistance on Okinawa Island, ending one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. The same day, Japanese Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima, the commander of Okinawa's defense, committed suicide with a number of Japanese officers and troops rather than surrender.
On This Date In 1951 Pan Am Flight 151, flown by the Lockheed L-049 Constellation propliner Clipper Great Republic crashed into a West African hill at an elevation of 1,050 ft (320 m) near the village of Sanoyie in Bong County, Liberia. All 31 passengers and nine crew on board were killed. The Civil Aeronautics Board investigation concluded that the probable cause of the accident was the action of the captain in descending below his en route minimum altitude without positive identification of the flight's position.
On This Date In 1955 “Lady and the Tramp,” an American animated film produced by Walt Disney, was released by Buena Vista Distribution. The 15th animated film in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, it was the first animated feature filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen film process. At the time, the film took in a higher figure than any other Disney animated feature since Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Lady and the Tramp was named number 95 out of the “100 Greatest Love Stories of All Time” by the American Film Institute in their 100 Years...100 Passions special, as one of only two animated films to appear on the list, along with Disney's Beauty and the Beast (which ranked 34th).
On This Date In 1962 An Air France Boeing 707 crashed on the island of Guadeloupe, killing all 113 passengers and crew members aboard. This crash was only one of five major accidents involving Boeing 707s during the year. Altogether, the five crashes killed 457 people. The flight occurred before the advent of the black box flight recorder and no reason for the crash was ever found.
On This Date In 1969 An oil slick and debris in the Cuyahoga River caught fire in Cleveland, Ohio. This Cuyahoga River fire lasted just thirty minutes, but it did approximately fifty thousand dollars in damage - principally to some railroad bridges spanning the river. Drawing national attention to environmental problems in Ohio and elsewhere in the United States, this event helped spur an avalanche of water pollution control activities resulting in the Clean Water Act, Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and the creation of the federal Environmental Protection Agency and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1642
On This Date In 1971 During the Vietnam War, in a major engagement near the Demilitarized Zone, some 1,500 North Vietnamese attacked the 500-man South Vietnamese garrison at Fire Base Fuller. Despite U.S. B-52 raids dropping 60 tons of bombs on June 21 and a 1,000-man reinforcement on June 24, the South Vietnamese had to abandon the base, since a North Vietnamese bombardment had destroyed 80 percent of their bunkers. Their effectual return to sweep the area in the following days pushed back some 300 North Vietnamese, who suffered significant casualties.
On This Date In 1972 During the Vietnam War, South Vietnam's 21st Division, decimated by repeated attempts to relieve An Loc, was replaced by the 25th Division. At the same time, U.S. helicopters flew 18th Division troops to positions south of An Loc to replace badly battered 9th Division troops that had also been trying to get to the city. The arrival of the fresh South Vietnamese soldiers would eventually result in the lifting of the siege at An Loc. The 18th Division troops successfully attacked the North Vietnamese forces surrounding the city and most of the communist troops within An Loc had been eliminated by the end of the month.
On This Date In 1977 “The Rescuers,” an American animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions, was released by Buena Vista Distribution. The 23rd film in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, the film earned $48 million at the box office and became Disney's most successful film to that date. It is based on a series of books by Margery Sharp, most notably The Rescuers and Miss Bianca. Due to the film's success, a sequel entitled The Rescuers Down Under was released in 1990.
On This Date In 1986 At the quarter-finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, played between Argentina and England at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, two of the most famous goals in football history were both scored by Diego Maradona. His first, after fifty-one minutes, was the infamous Hand of God goal, in which Maradona scored a goal by using his hand. His second, after fifty-four minutes, saw him dribble past six England players, Beardsley, Reid, Butcher, Fenwick, Butcher (again), and finally goalkeeper Peter Shilton. In 2002 this was voted Goal of the Century by FIFA.com voters. Argentina won the game 2–1 and went on to win the 1986 World Cup with a victory over West Germany.
On This Date In 1990 Through June 24, 1990, the infamous music festival took the name of the Glastonbury Festival for Contemporary Performing Arts for the first time, to reflect the diversity of attractions within the Festival. It was the twentieth anniversary of the first Festival, but unfortunately ended with a confrontation between the security teams and travelers who were looting the emptying festival site. This resulted in 235 arrests and £50,000 worth of damage to property and hired plant. 1990 was the first year that a professional car parking team was employed to encourage the best use of space. Donations of £100,000 were made to CND and other local charities. Acts included: The Cure, Happy Mondays, Sinead O’Connor and World Party, and attendance was 70,000.
On This Date In 1993 Thelma Catherine “Pat” Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 - June 22, 1993), wife of Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States, and First Lady of the United States from 1969 to 1974, died of lung cancer at their home in Park Ridge, New Jersey, the day after their 53rd wedding anniversary. She was buried at the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. Her husband, Richard Nixon, was buried next to her in less than a year's time. http://tech.mit.edu/V113/N29/nixon.29w.html
On This Date In 1999 “Significant Other,” the second album by American rock band Limp Bizkit, was released by Flip/Interscope Records. The album saw the band expanding its sound from that of its debut album, Three Dollar Bill, Yall$, to incorporate further rock and hip hop influences. Coproduced by Terry Date and Limp Bizkit, Significant Other climbed to No. 1 on the Billboard 200, selling 643,874 copies in its first week of release. In its second week of release, the album sold an additional 335,000 copies. The band promoted the album by appearing at Woodstock1999 and headlining the year's Family Values Tour.
On This Date In 2001 “The Fast and the Furious,” an American street racing action film starring Paul Walker, Vin Diesel, Michelle Rodriguez and Jordana Brewster, was released. Directed by Rob Cohen, The Fast and the Furious was the first mainstream film to feature the Asian automotive import scene in North America. The first film in The Fast and the Furious film series, it’s concept was inspired by a Vibe magazine article about street racing in New York City, and its plot is loosely based on No Man's Land, and Point Break.
On This Date In 2003 “Dangerously in Love,” the debut solo album by American R&B recording artist Beyoncé Knowles, was released by Columbia Records. The tracks in the album are a mixture of uptempos and ballads, which are basically inspired by R&B and soul genres; it also features elements of hip hop and Arabic music. Dangerously in Love propelled Knowles in becoming a viable solo star, as well as one of the most marketable singers in the recording industry. It became a worldwide commercial success, earning multi-platinum certifications in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 317,000 copies in its first week, and earned Knowles five Grammy Awards.
On This Date In 2004 “Inferno,” the seventeenth album by the British band Motörhead, was released. It features some heavy tracks (like Terminal Show and In the Name of Tragedy), but also some rock'n'roll tracks (Killers, Life's a B****). Whorehouse Blues is an acoustic track, which reflects on the thirty years of Motörhead's existence. Guitarist Steve Vai plays on Terminal Show and Down on Me. In the Black was featured in the video game Brütal Legend.
On This Date In 2004 “Unbreakable,” the fifteenth studio album by the German heavy metal band Scorpions, was released by BMG International. In this album, Scorpions return to their original, more raw style of music after many concept albums and experimenting with different styles. This was the first album with Pawel Maciwoda on bass guitar. Unbreakable is the first album since Face the Heat to use the classic version of the Scorpions logo.
On This Date In 2008 George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008), American stand-up comedian, social critic, satirist, actor and writer/author, who won five Grammy Awards for his comedy albums, was admitted to Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica after experiencing chest pain, and died later that day of heart failure. In accordance with his wishes, he was cremated, his ashes scattered, and no public or religious services of any kind were held.
Happy Birthday Ralph Waite (1928), Prunella Scales (1932), Kris Kristofferson (1936), Brit Hume (1943), Peter Asher (1944), Todd Rundgren (1948), Lindsay Wagner (1949), Meryl Streep (1949), Cyndi Lauper (1953), Bruce Campbell (1958), Erin Brockovich (1960), Tracy Pollan (1960), Clyde Drexler (1962), Nicholas Lea (1962), Stephen Chow (1962), Randy Couture (1963), Amy Brenneman (1964), Emmanuelle Seigner (1966), Mary Lynn Rajskub (1971), Kurt Warner (1971), Carson Daly (1973), Donald Faison (1974)
RIP Marguerite de la Motte (1902 1950), Anne Morrow Lindbergh (1906 – 2001), Konrad Zuse (1910 – 1995), Gower Champion (1919 – 1980), Paul Frees (1920 – 1986), Ed Bradley (1941 – 2006), Pete Maravich (1947 – 1988), Octavia Butler (1947 – 2006), Freddie Prinze (1954 – 1977), Dan Wheldon (1978 – 2011)
Everyone has inside of him a piece of good news: The news is that you don't know how great you can be! How much you can love! What you can accomplish! Anne Frank
It is strange how often a heart must be broken before the years can make it wise. Sara Teasdale
One of the most important lessons that experience teaches is that, on the whole, success depends more upon character than upon either intellect or fortune. William Edward Hartpole Lecky
Life is filled with so many exciting twists and turns. Hop off the straight and narrow whenever you can and take the winding paths. Experience the exhilaration of the view from the edge. Because the moments spent there, that take your breath away, are what make you feel truly alive. Stacey Charter
Efforts and courage are not enough without purpose and direction. John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Voyager 1 has flown into or is on the cusp of a place no man or spacecraft has been before - Interstellar Space. For 35 years, the NASA probe has been on a journey that would take it outside the Sun's heliosphere, leaving the Solar System.
Gen. Janet Wolfenbarger became the first female four-star general in the Air Force and assumed the top position of the major command responsible for the technology, acquisition, test and sustainment of the service's current and future weapon systems
There are those who work all day. Those who dream all day. And those who spend an hour dreaming before setting to work to fulfill those dreams. Go into the third category because there’s virtually no competition. Steven J Ross
Freedom is but the possibility of a various and indefinite activity; while government, or the exercise of dominion, is a single, yet real activity. The longing for freedom, therefore, is at first only too frequently suggested by the deep-felt consciousness of its absence. Karl Wilhelm Von Humboldt